Maize was a major crop in the present rice belt of the Haryana Statein the 70s. Moreover, maize used to be food crop but at present ninety percent of its production is used in feed and starch industry in the country and thus it has turned into an industrial crop in India.
Looking at these trends,this industrial crop with high yielding seeds and better crop management practices with comparative low cost of production has the potential for replacement of Paddy in the State of Haryana.
Benefits Under This Scheme
Many fold water saving : Maize required only 4 Irrigation even less if there are sufficient rains whereas rice requires 40-45 irrigation in general. To produce 1 kg of rice, it requires 2000-5000 litre of water depending upon the soil types and time of sowing. We can save at least 30 lakh litre/Hectare of water from the nursery raising and puddling per hectare of rice crop. Rice requires 190-220 cm/Hectare(1 cm = 1 lakh litresof water) where as maize requires 60-80cm/Hectare and we can save 142 cm/Hectare water. Thus a lot of water saving with maize cultivation can be solution for the above problems.
Increased wheat yield : In irrigated condition if maize planted in the end June to 1st week of July than maize will be harvested by all means in mid October but the rice harvest will be late thus maize will help the farmers to plant wheat well in time. Just by advancing the wheat sowing farmer will get at least 10% higher yield as well as minimizing the risk of terminal heat effect, which is serious concern in rice-wheat belt now a days.
Suitable for conservation of agriculture : The high amount of rice residue and its non-utilization for fodder purpose and high silicon content make the present zero-till machinery is cumbersome for wheat planting. By cultivation of maize its crop residue recycling in zero-till wheat will be easier than rice fallow wheat. This will improve the soil physical properties and will address the issues of soil health and will ease in adoption of conservation technology which is resource saving to reduce cost of cultivation and increase the profit margin of the farmers.
Less chemical input in maize farming:To achieve at least 20% reduction in chemical /pesticides input
Green fodder and silage from Maize :To achieve targets under green fodder segment and also provide farmer alternative of animal husbandry.
Some are under the Scheme will be covered under pulses like Pigeonpea (cajanuscajan) commonly known as red gram or turorarharis and arhar, the second most important pulse crop in the country. Such diversification will also bring similar benefits as envisaged under maize diversification.
Summary Of The Scheme
Total target area for diversification of Paddy into Maize: 50000 Hectare.
Requirement of high productivity hybrid seed: 1000 MT.
Tentative cost of seed: Rs. 25.00 crore.
Total production in 50000 Hectare: 3 lakh MT.
MSP of Maize: Rs. 1700 per qtl.
Tentative available funds under Crop Diversification: Rs. 23.00 crore (State Plan + CRM + Climate Smart Villages schemes).
Requirement of funds for Maize :
Requirement for seed procurement is Rs. 25.00 crore, out of which Rs. 23.00 Crore are already available with the Department under Crop Diversification and balance 2.00 Crore is required.
Funds required for financial assistance are Rs. 25.00 crore.
Funds required for insurance are Rs. 4.00 crore.
Requirement Of Funds For Pulses(Arhar)
Funds required for seed procurement (50 MT) & IEC Activities is Rs. 2.00 Crore.